The Gwalior city was founded bySuraj Sen, a prince of the Kachhwaha Rajput clan of the 18th century, the princely state of Madhya Pradesh, Gwalior is an important historic city. Because of its strategic location, it was a dream city of several rulers. It is said that the city was named after a saint 'Gwalipa', who was the one who was able to cure the deadly disease of the king. To honour the saint, the city was named Gwalior.The city is a very popular tourist destination because of its glorious pastand a it is also a perfect destination to see the rich heritage attractions in India. Gwalior is famous for its renowned for its magnificent palaces, striking temples, magnificent palaces and splendid monuments.
The city has become home to several great dynasties, where every dynasty has added a new element to it through its musicians, rulers, artists, saints etc. The beautiful and magnificent sculptures, palaces, structures and many other attraction are admired all around the world. The concoction of the old and new world becomes the prime attraction of the city.
Gwalior is also quite famous as it was the birthplace of very well-known great musician Tansen, he was one of the nine Navratnas of the Darbar of the Mughal Emperor Akbar. The city apart from being a prime tourist destination is also a prime pilgrim centre for the followers of Jainism and Hinduism. Gwalior has become an important tourist destinationfor its rich past and glorious monuments.
Gwalior was built by Suraj Sen, it is a majestic fort that is placed on sandstone hilltop. It is a perfect example of medieval architecture, the fort have a history of more than 100 years of several dynasties. You can have a 360 degree view of the surroundings from the top of the fort. The main attractions of the fort are the large Garuda image and a few other structures. It is believed that Gwalior fort is one of the biggest ones in India.
Jai Vilas Palace was built by JayajiraoScindia, the Maharaja of Gwalior, in the year 1874 The Jal Vilas palace boasts European-style of architecture that is a striking mix of Corinthian, Tuscan and Italianstyles. It is now transformed into a Museum, which has amazing collection of antique items, belonging to the Scindia reign includingswords of Shah Jahan and Aurangzeb and 2 fabulous Belgian chandeliers.
Gujari Mahal is another palace in Gwalior, which was built in the 15th century by Raja Man Singh. The palace was constructed for his wife Mrignayani who was a Gujar princess.
The palace was converted into a called Central Archaeological Museum. It today, houses 28 galleries which have more than 6,000 artifacts. The museum is famous for its coins, terracotta, pottery, sculptures, inscriptions,paintings and weapons.
The palace is also known to have a collection of photographs which include the monuments of India and Bagh Cave paintings.
Man Mandir Palace was built by legendary Raja Mansingh, in 1486 AD and 1517 AD. It is quite popular for its magnificence architecture as well as interiors.where the Rajput ladies had committed mass sati, after the king had lost the battle.
Suraj Kund is the site where the Saint Gwalipa healed Suraj Sen,the Rajput chieftain and the founder of the city. Within the Gwalior Fort a tank is placed, which is known as Suraj Kund, the water of this pond has medicinal properties.
Sas-bahu temple is dedicated to Shastra Bahu, another name of God Vishnu. It is built inside the fort, it is famous for its striking architectural beauty and its religious value. The temple is not dedicated to Sas (mother-in-law) and Bahu (daughter-in-law).
Teli ka Mandir in the Gwalior Fort was built in the 11th century, it is an ancient temple that is quite popular for its architecture. The sculptures are North Indian and the roof of the temple has a Dravidian look. The temple is around 100ft high and it resembles to Prathihara Vishnu temple. The architecture is a mix ofNagara style and Indo Aryanstyle of architecture.
The Tomb of Ghaus Muhammad is a famous pilgrimage centre of both Muslims and Hindus. It is the mausoleum of Ghaus Mohammed, the 'Afghan Prince turned Sufi Saint' is placed in the old town of Hazira.Ghaus Mohammed helped Babur in occupying the Gwalior Fort. The tomb was constructed in 16th century and is a proof of Mughal architecture.
Padavali temple is around 40 km from Gwalior, it s quite popular mainly for itsdelicate stonework and its classic architecture. The roof of the temple is a depiction 10 incarnations of Lord Vishnu, Samudra manthan, Krishna- Leela,Ram- Leela,marriage of Lord Ganesha and , events from Mahabharata etc. Dancing figure of Lord Shiva is another popular sculpture. The temple has magnificent architecture.
Bateshwar temple is around 2 km away from Padavali temple. The complex is stretched in more than 25 acres of land, and it consists of around 200 sandstone temples. Most of the temples are dedicated to Lord Shiva but some are dedicated to Lord Vishnu.
Inside the Gujarimaha is set thearchaeological museum in Gwalior. The museum houses a large collection of Jain sculptures and Hindu sculptures.The museum has many photographs which have been collected from different places like Gwalior, Guna, Vidisha,Morena, Shivpuri, Bhind,Ujjain and many moreThe museum is known for its collection of sculptures that include world-famous ShalabhanjikaYakshi, Nataraj Ardhanareshwar,Yamraj and Trimurthi. It also has images of Ram and Sita from the 2nd century in its terracotta collection.
This museum is a must-visit for those who wants to experience the glorious past of the country.